What is it?

Actinomycosis is a rare bacterial infection that typically affects the face, neck, chest, abdomen, or pelvis. It is caused by Actinomyces bacteria, which are usually found in the mouth and gastrointestinal tract. The infection can occur when these bacteria penetrate deep tissues due to injury, surgery, or dental work.

0 Alikes with Actinomycosis

Learn from others
who are experiencing

Signs & symptoms

The symptoms of actinomycosis can vary depending on the location of the infection. Some common symptoms include:
* Swelling and redness of the affected area
* Pain or tenderness
* Abscess formation
* Drainage of pus or other fluids
* Formation of sinus tracts (tunnels) beneath the skin
* Weight loss and fatigue (in advanced cases)


Diagnosis of actinomycosis can be challenging due to its rarity and nonspecific symptoms. A biopsy of the affected tissue or aspirate of pus or fluid may be needed to confirm the diagnosis. Imaging studies such as X-rays, CT scans, or MRI may also be performed to assess the extent of the infection.


The treatment of actinomycosis usually involves a combination of antibiotics and surgical drainage or debridement of abscesses or infected tissue. The choice of antibiotics depends on the location and severity of the infection, as well as the patient's medical history and allergies. Antibiotic treatment usually lasts for several weeks to several months, and close follow-up is necessary to ensure that the infection has been eradicated.

In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove infected tissue or to drain abscesses that do not respond to antibiotics. In advanced cases, hospitalization may be necessary for intravenous antibiotic therapy and supportive care. It is important to note that early diagnosis and treatment of actinomycosis can improve the chances of a full recovery and prevent complications.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

Learn more about our editorial process for content accuracy.

Alike Wisdom

Instantly get answers to medical questions with our AI, built from the collective wisdom of our community facing similar experiences

Thank you! Your submission has been received!

Find people who are
experiencing a similar
medical reality

100% Free