What is it?

Back pain is one of the most common reasons for people to go and seek medical examination or advice. Back pain may be due to strain on the muscles or ligaments. It could also be caused due to bulging or ruptured disks, which are located between the vertebrae. Arthritis is a general condition that may affect the lower back and may cause spinal stenosis, narrowing of the space around the spinal cord. Osteoporosis, which is a condition in which the bones lack vitamin D and are prone to fractures may also affect the spine. Risk factors for back pain include older age, lack of exercise, excess weight, improper lifting, depression, anxiety, and smoking.

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Signs & symptoms

Back pain may either appear suddenly or gradually. It could feel shooting, burning, or stabbing. It may radiate to the legs and cause leg pain and problems walking, standing or sitting.


Diagnosis of back pain starts with medical history and physical examination. More tests may be done to evaluate the source for the pain. These tests may include imaging tests (X-RAY, MRI, CT) blood tests to look for systemic conditions such as an infection, bone scan and nerve studies.


Treatment for back pain depends on the underlying cause and may include pain relievers, muscle relaxants, topical pain relievers, narcotics, antidepressants and cortisone injections. Some procedures may be relevant such as radiofrequency neurotomy , nerve stimulators and surgery. Physical therapy and exercising are also recommended.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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