What is it?

Body dysmorphic disorder is a type of anxiety, a mental health disorder in which the person cannot stop thinking about his or her physical perceived flaws. It causes great distress and the people who have it may avoid situations making them feel ashamed or anxious. The perceived flaw in the way they look keeps them preoccupied during the day, making them check themselves in the mirror even for a few hours each day. Also, they may seek numerous cosmetic procedures to try and change the perceived flaw.

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Additional names

This group contains additional names:
- BDD

Signs & symptoms

Symptoms may include being extremely preoccupied with a perceived flaw in appearance that is not seen by others or is not dominant at all, a belief that one is ugly or deformed, thinking that others see you in a negative way due to the perceived flaw, being occupied with fixing or hiding the perceived flaw, seeking reassurance from other regarding one’s appearance, and avoiding social situations.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis is based upon findings from medical history and physical examination. Further evaluation may include an interview with a mental health professional.

Treatment

Treatment may include psychological therapy, especially cognitive behavioral therapy. Sometimes, medications such as SSRI’s may be suggested as well.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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