What is it?

Lipids mean fat. Hyperlipidemia is a state where your blood cholesterol and triglyceride, two types of fats in your body, are too high.
Triglyceride are made when you eat more sugar and carbs than your body needs for energy. This is your body’s way of storing excess calories.
Blood cholesterol is made by your liver. It is essential for good health; the problem begins when you have too much of it.
There are two main kinds of cholesterol:
LDL- the bad cholesterol makes up most of your body’s cholesterol. the LDL cholesterol build up in you blood vessels and raises your risk for heart disease and stroke.
HDL- good cholesterol, absorbs cholesterol and carries it back to the liver.
Hyperlipidemia can be caused by different diseases, but it is usually caused by a combination of genetics and lifestyle.

What number should you aim for?
Different people should aim for different numbers, ask your doctor what your goal is.
Generally, your triglyceride levels should be below 150 mg/dL.
Your total cholesterol should be below 200, your LDL below 130 or lower if you have a high risk for heart attack, and your HDL above 60.

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Additional names

This group contains additional names:
- High cholesterol
- Hyperchylomicronemia
- Lipodystrophy
- Pure Hyperglyceridemia
- Hypertriglyceridemia
- Mixed Hyperlipidemia

Signs & symptoms

Hyperlipidemia usually appears without any symptoms.
The cholesterol tends to accumulate in the blood vessel and clog them- this is called atherosclerosis. This condition may eventually cause many problems including heart attack, stroke, kidney disease and aortic disease.


A diagnosis is made through a blood tests after a fast of 14-12 hours.


Your doctor may recommend:
- lifestyle changes- avoiding foods that have a lot of saturated fat like red meet and fried food, losing weight, and getting regular physical activity.
- cholesterol-lowering medicine such as statins.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

Learn more about our editorial process for content accuracy.

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