What is it?

Vestibular dysfunction refers to a condition where there is a disturbance in the vestibular system, which is responsible for controlling balance and spatial orientation. There are different types of vestibular dysfunction, and they can be caused by a variety of factors such as head injury, infections, autoimmune disorders, or as a side effect of certain medications.

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Signs & symptoms

* Dizziness or vertigo (a spinning sensation)
* Imbalance or unsteadiness while walking or standing
* Nausea or vomiting
* Headaches
* Hearing loss or ringing in the ears (tinnitus)
* Sensitivity to light or noise
* Blurred vision or double vision
* Difficulty concentrating or focusing


A doctor or an otolaryngologist (an ear, nose, and throat specialist) can diagnose vestibular dysfunction by performing a physical examination, hearing and vision tests, and specialized tests such as electronystagmography (ENG) or videonystagmography (VNG). These tests measure eye movements and help determine the cause of the vestibular dysfunction.


The treatment of vestibular dysfunction depends on the underlying cause and the severity of the symptoms. Some common treatment options include:
* Medications such as anti-nausea drugs, anti-vertigo drugs, or steroids to reduce inflammation
* Vestibular rehabilitation therapy (VRT) to improve balance and reduce dizziness
* Surgery in rare cases where the vestibular dysfunction is caused by a tumor or other structural abnormality
* Lifestyle changes such as avoiding triggers that worsen symptoms, getting enough rest and exercise, and reducing stress.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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