What is it?

Retinoblastoma is an eye cancer that begins in the retina - the sensitive lining on the inside of the eye. Retinoblastoma most commonly affects young children, but can rarely occur in adults.
The retina is made up of nerve tissue that senses light as it comes through the front of the eye. The retina sends signals through the optic nerve to the brain, where these signals are interpreted as images.
A rare form of eye cancer, retinoblastoma is the most common form of cancer affecting the eye in children. Retinoblastoma may occur in one or both eyes.

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Additional names

This group contains additional names:
- Cancer of retina
- Retinal cancer
- Melanoma, retina

Signs & symptoms

Because retinoblastoma mostly affects infants and small children, symptoms aren't common. Signs parents may notice include:
- A white color in the center circle of the eye (pupil) when light is shone in the eye, such as when someone takes a flash photograph of the child
- Eyes that appear to be looking in different directions
- Poor vision
- Eye redness
- Eye swelling


Tests and procedures used to diagnose retinoblastoma include:
- Eye exam: To determine what's causing signs and symptoms.
- Imaging tests: Scans and other imaging tests can help to determine whether retinoblastoma has grown to affect other structures around the eye. Imaging tests may include ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), among others.


The main types of treatment for retinoblastoma are:
- Surgery (Enucleation) for Retinoblastoma
- Radiation Therapy for Retinoblastoma
- Laser Therapy (Photocoagulation or Thermotherapy) for Retinoblastoma
- Cryotherapy for Retinoblastoma
- Chemotherapy for Retinoblastoma

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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