What is it?

Postmenopause refers to the period after a woman has gone through menopause, which is the cessation of menstruation for at least 12 consecutive months. During this phase, the ovaries no longer release eggs, and hormonal fluctuations stabilize.

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Signs & symptoms

Symptoms of Postmenopause:
- Hot flashes: Sudden feelings of heat, often accompanied by sweating and rapid heartbeat.
- Night sweats: Excessive sweating during sleep.
- Vaginal dryness: Decreased vaginal lubrication, leading to discomfort or pain during sexual intercourse.
- Sleep disturbances: Difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep.
- Mood changes: Increased irritability, mood swings, or feelings of depression.
- Changes in sexual function: Decreased libido or changes in sexual satisfaction.
- Urinary problems: Increased frequency of urination or urinary incontinence.
- Changes in skin and hair: Dry skin, thinning hair, or hair loss.

Diagnosis

Postmenopause is typically diagnosed when a woman has not experienced menstruation for at least 12 consecutive months, provided there are no other medical reasons for the absence of periods. Hormone level testing, such as follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and estrogen levels, may also be conducted to confirm menopause.

Treatment

- Hormone therapy: In some cases, hormone replacement therapy (HRT) may be recommended to alleviate menopausal symptoms and reduce the risk of osteoporosis and cardiovascular disease. It involves taking estrogen alone or estrogen in combination with progesterone.
- Non-hormonal therapies: Certain medications, such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) or selective serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), can help manage hot flashes and mood symptoms.
- Lifestyle changes: Maintaining a healthy lifestyle with regular exercise, a balanced diet, stress management, and good sleep habits can help alleviate symptoms and promote overall well-being.
- Vaginal lubricants or moisturizers: These can provide relief for vaginal dryness.
- Regular check-ups: It is important to have regular check-ups to monitor overall health, including bone density and cardiovascular health.

☝️ This is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult with your physician before making any medical decision.

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